A brewer serves beer during the 2018 Great American Beer Festival (GABF) in Denver, the United States, Sept. 21, 2018. (Xinhua/Li Ying)
By Peter Mertz
DENVER, the United States, Sept. 27 (Xinhua) -- It is unlikely U.S. government officials considered that the tariff spat with its major trade partners would impact America's some 5000 million beer drinkers.
But it has.
Beer industry insiders told Xinhua that their industry is being hit in several ways by the escalating trade disputes with Canada, Mexico and China.
In an exclusive interview with Xinhua, Robert Pease, president of the Brewer's Association (BA), voiced his industry's concerns with the imprudent tariffs policies by U.S. government.
"It's a serious issue for us, it's a serious issue," Pease emphasized.
BA represents 4,465 breweries across the country, and its affiliate, the American Homebrewers Association, has 46,000 members.
Pease made the remarks in Denver when the 2018 Great American Beer Festival was held there on Sept. 20-22 and thousands of beer brewers from across the country met to bemoan the negative impact the tariffs are having on their business.
"We support fair trade, we support free trade, but we oppose these tariffs," said Pease, who has been with BA for 27 years.
Craft beer sales grew eight percent in 2017 and now total 26 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 23 percent of the country's 111.4 billion dollar beer market, BA statistics show.
All told, the craft brewing Industry contributed 76.2 billion dollars to the U.S. Economy in 2017 as well as more than 5000,000 jobs.
"The tariffs on aluminum impact beer cans and the steel hikes affect the price of kegs," Pease noted.
His words echoed Molson Coors Chairman Pete Coors's warning in May, when the beer industry mogul wrote an opinion article to the Wall Street Journey saying beer and other drinks packaged in aluminum cans will cost more for consumers because of an aluminum tariff implemented by the administration of President Donald Trump.
Gavin Hattersley, CEO of MillerCoors, the second largest beer producer joint-ventured by SABMiller and Molson Coors, also disclosed his company is bracing for a 40 million dollar hit to its profits due to the tariffs on foreign aluminum and steel.
He said the tariffs force the company to scale back investment, hit the pause button on hiring new employees, and increase beer prices, since the company's shareholders won't simply accept the hit.
Moreover, American Keg CEO Paul Czachor had to explain to local media at the end of August why the tariff hurt the Pennsylvania based keg producer, the only U.S. beer keg maker relying entirely on domestic steel.
He said the tariffs did not create more jobs for the company as the White House planned; on the contrary, it dried up steel imports, causing demand and prices to rise for U.S. steel, which then led the company's old customers to use imported kegs.
Czachor told National Public Radio his company had fired 10 of its 500 employees.
Not only have hikes on steel and aluminum hurt their bottom line, commodity losses in America's field crops, which were used to make beer, have also been affected by the tariff frictions.
FARMERS ALSO SUFFER
Some 1,5000 kilometers away from Denver, Montana barley farmer Matt Flikkema told Xinhua he is getting hurt by the increased cost of steel that affects his equipment upgrades and purchases, and by the decreased amount of revenue he gains from selling his product.
"That field of barley goes to Molson-Coors," Flikkema said, pointing to a field of high-grade barley headed to make beer for the world's fifth largest beer company.
But thanks to the trade war, Flikkema will earn much less for the barley he planted. Many wheat and barley farmers are considering alternative crop production, and that could affect the cost and quality of domestic beer.
"We've lobbied our supporters in the U.S. Congress, and tried to educate them about why we think the tariff is not a good policy for small and independent breweries," Pease told Xinhua.
Both Pease and BA Chief Economist Bart Watson emphasized that the tariffs particularly hurt small, independent brewers, who are surviving on tight profit margins.
"We see an annual three-to-five percent closure rate on new breweries," Watson told Xinhua.
Industry officials are holding their breaths to see if more small start-ups fail due to the tariffs.
"The price of steel increasing is not good for our members, especially the smaller businesses," Pease said.
"That's going to inhibit expansions, inhibit innovation, and inhibit job creation in this industry," he added.
Additionally, bigger breweries are holding back on growth and investment due to the tariffs, the industry official said.
"One member told me this week they were looking at an expansion -- that may not be possible because of the big jump in steel prices," Pease said.